autonomMOBIL: The elderly-friendly city – autonomy and sustainable mobility in the context of climate change


  • Investigation of interactions between environmental factors (climate conditions, noise, and air pollution control as well as structural and spatial conditions), mobility behaviour of elderly people and their health and well-being
  • Describing and explaining person-environment-interactions and helping to shape an age-appropriate environment, based on respective knowledge
  • Description and explanation of interaction between: climatic factors, environmental conditions (noise, air), design of urban open space, daily mobility, health of an aging urban population
  • Recommendations for an age-appropriate and healthy urban development in times of climate change and its negative consequences.

Project Descriptio

autonom mobil

The research of autonomMOBIL aims to describe and explain person-environment interactions and to help creating an age-appropriate environment, based on the research findings. The overall structure of the project including the five Ph.D. dissertations is composed of two paths of research: The research path A involves the dissertation[s] in the fields of land use and transport sciences and landscape planning and ecology. The research path B includes the dissertations in the field of exercise and health science, geriatrics and interdisciplinary gerontology.

Project period: 2014 – 2018 + Follow-Up-Project “amore

Approach / implementation / methodology:

The overall structure of the project is characterized by a common interdisciplinary methodology approach and furthermore by the joint study area of Stuttgart.

Research group and sub-projects:


  • Yasaman Ahmadi: Design of age-friendly living environments
  • Kerstin Conrad: Mobility behavior of old people in the context of climate and spatial vulnerability
  • Susanne Penger: The role of mobility-related behavioral flexibility and routines for out-of-home mobility in old age
  • Maren Reyer: Built environment and everyday activity – Walkability as opportunity and risk for everyday walking in elderly
  • Anja Stotz: Health effects of heat stress among elderly people

An overview of the completed dissertations can be found here.

Professorial involvement

Consortium members:

Partner institutions:



Conrad, K., Oswald, F., Penger, S., Reyer, M., Schlicht, W., Siedentop, S., Wittowsky, D. (2018): Urbane Mobilität und gesundes Altern. Personen- und Umweltmerkmale einer generationengerechten Stadtgestaltung – Zur Arbeit der Forschungsgruppe “autonomMOBIL”. In: Fehr, R., Hornberg, C. (Hrsg.): Stadt der Zukunft – Gesund und nachhaltig. Brückenbau zwischen Disziplinen und Sektoren. Edition Nachhaltige Gesundheit in Stadt und Region / Band 1, Oekom-Verlag, München, S. 291-320.

Schlicht, W., Oswald, F. (2018): Soziale und räumlich-dingliche Umwelt als Determinante körperlicher Aktivität in Alternskonzepten. In U. Granacher, H. Mechling & C. Voelcker-Rehage (Hrsg.). Handbuch Bewegungs- und Sportgerontologie, Schorndorf: Hofmann, S. 127-140.


Penger, S., Oswald, F. (2017): A New Measure of Mobility-Related Behavioral Flexibility and Routines in Old Age. Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry 30 (4), 153–163. Doi: 10.1024/1662-9647/a000176.

Reyer, M. (2017): Gebaute Umwelt und Alltagsaktivität: Walkability als Chance und Risiko für das Gehen Älterer im Alltag. Dissertation. Universität Stuttgart.
Link to full text

Schlicht, W. (2017): Urban Health. Springer Wissenschaftsmedien, Wiesbaden.


Schlicht, W., Oswald, F., Reyer, M. (2016): Die altersfreundliche Stadt. Public Health Forum 24 (4): 301–303.


Bodeker, M., Reyer, M. (2014): Auswirkungen der Walkability auf Senioren. S. 229–239 in: Bucksch, J., Schneider, S. (Hrsg.), Walkability. Das Handbuch zur Bewegungsförderung in der Kommune. Hans Huber, Bern.

Reyer, M., Fina, S., Siedentop, S., Schlicht, W. (2014). Walkability is only part of the story: Walking for transportation in Stuttgart, Germany. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 11, 5849-5865. Available here…

Stotz, A., Rapp, K., Oksa, J., Skelton, D. A., Beyer, N., Klenk, J., Becker, C., Lindemann, U. (2014). Effect of a Brief Heat Exposure on Blood Pressure and Physical Performance of Older Women Living in the Community – A Pilot-Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2014, 11 (12), 12623-12631. Available here…

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